Wednesday Bible Study

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Rev Chap 4:1-11

Rev Chap 4:1-11

Date:1/15/20

Series: Revelations

Category: Wednesday Bible Study

Passage: Revelation 4:1-11

Speaker: Dr. Wayne Barrett

LIVING THE CHRISTLIFE WAYNE BARRETT HILLTOP LAKES CHAPEL JANUARY 15, 2020
A Door into Heaven Revelation 4:1-11

After this I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven! And the first voice, which I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after this.” 2 At once I was in the Spirit, and behold, a throne stood in heaven, with one seated on the throne. 3 And he who sat there had the appearance of jasper and carnelian, and around the throne was a rainbow that had the appearance of an emerald. 4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones, and seated on the thrones were twenty-four elders, clothed in white garments, with golden crowns on their heads. 5 From the throne came flashes of lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder, and before the throne were burning seven torches of fire, which are the seven spirits of God, 6 and before the throne there was as it were a sea of glass, like crystal. And around the throne, on each side of the throne, are four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind: 7 the first living creature like a lion, the second living creature like an ox, the third living creature with the face of a man, and the fourth living creature like an eagle in flight. 8 And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and within, and day and night they never cease to say, “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!” 9 And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, who lives forever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives forever and ever. They cast their crowns before the throne, saying, 11 “Worthy are you, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for you created all things, and by your will they existed and were created.” —Revelation 4:1-11 (ESV)


After this I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven! And the first voice, which I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after this.”

“A door standing open…” The privilege of what is now to be seen is inexpressible “the first voice” vv 1:10 ff. probably the voice of an archangel (cf. 1 Thess. 4:16) “Come up here…” What follows can only be known by invitation and revelation; it cannot be “discovered.”


2 At once I was in the Spirit, and behold, a throne stood in heaven, with one seated on the throne. 3 And he who sat there had the appearance of jasper and carnelian, and around the throne was a rainbow that had the appearance of an emerald.

“in the Spirit” The revelation was by way of a vision; John was not physically there
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There is a throne in heaven, and the one God is on it. There is no other God.

John attempts to describe the appearance of God and His surroundings “He…had the appearance of jasper and carnelian” God is a Spirit—in this way He was manifested, like precious gems Jasper can be many colors, often red; carnelian is red. Jasper is opaque; carnelian is translucent “Around the throne was a rainbow”—representing the promise of God and a display of this miracle of color—all of which He created “the appearance of an emerald”—also gem-like, and green The overall appearance of God is one of stunning light and beauty—and John’s immediate comparison—the closest thing he knew—were gemstones


4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones, and seated on the thrones were twenty-four elders, clothed in white garments, with golden crowns on their heads.

Perhaps the twenty-four elders represent the old covenant (12) and the new covenant (12)—and in so doing, represent all the people of God.

Golden crowns are crowns of victory, purity, value, and beauty.


5 From the throne came flashes of lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder, and before the throne were burning seven torches of fire, which are the seven spirits of God, 6 and before the throne there was as it were a sea of glass, like crystal.

Around the living God are the unceasing energies of his vast, immeasurable power—represented in “lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder”; a God to be both worshiped and feared

The “seven Spirits of God”, eternal, living manifestations of Himself through His Holy Spirit

“a sea of glass’ – for the gathering of all His people


And around the throne, on each side of the throne, are four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind: 7 the first living creature like a lion, the second living creature like an ox, the third living creature with the face of a man, and the fourth living creature like an eagle in flight.

The four living creatures! “full of eyes” – always watching and ever aware of all the God has done and is doing

Their appearance represents aspects of His creation (or, perhaps, His creation reflects what was previously present in the four living creatures!) like a lion – courage and might like an ox – strength and perseverance like a man – intellect and emotion like an eagle in flight – freedom and beauty


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8 And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and within, and day and night they never cease to say, “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!”

The worship of the four living creatures Six wings – a pair of wings, each, for Father, Son, and Holy Spirit “eyes all around and within”—eyes that not only observe, but perceive, both outwardly and inwardly Because of this perception, they worship God unceasingly “Holy, Holy, Holy”—here signifying how God Himself is set apart, is the One God, is without sin, light with no darkness—and whose worship is the theme of all creation “who was and is and is to come”: lit, the One having been, the One being, and the One coming. The eternal and only God.

9 And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, who lives forever and ever, 10 the twenty-four elders fall down before him who is seated on the throne and worship him who lives forever and ever. They cast their crowns before the throne, saying, 11 “Worthy are you, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for you created all things, and by your will they existed and were created.”

The nature of worship—to give glory, honor, and thanks! “who is seated on the throne, who lives forever and ever”—a reminder, these things are real and true. “the twenty-four elders” —representing all God’s people “fall down before him” –which is the nature of true worship “they cast their crowns before the throne”—because all that we have is from God. We recognize this—and—we place all that we are and have at his disposal.

“Worthy are you, our Lord and God” Not just “the” Lord and God but “our” Lord and God, for God has redeemed us and made us His own. “to receive” – from us, and from all of creation “glory, honor, and power” – meaning, still, from us and from creation. God already has power—receiving power from us means serving him with all of our strength, abilities, and energies.

“for you created all things” Certainly, we worship God for what he does for us personally, but our worship must see more and recognize more. He is the creator of all things.

“and by your will…” More lit. “by your will they have existed and were created” The very existence of things is by the will and design of God—and only by His will

“Holy, Holy, Holy”