Wednesday Bible Study

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Sound Doctrine

Sound Doctrine


Category: Wednesday Bible Study

Passage: Titus 2:1-10

Speaker: Dr. Wayne Barrett

Sound Doctrine Titus 2:1-10 But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine. 2 Older men are to be sober-minded, dignified, self-controlled, sound in faith, in love, and in steadfastness. 3 Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good, 4 and so train the young women to love their husbands and children, 5 to be self-controlled, pure, working at home, kind, and submissive to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be reviled. 6 Likewise, urge the younger men to be self-controlled.7 Show yourself in all respects to be a model of good works, and in your teaching show integrity, dignity, 8 and sound speech that cannot be condemned, so that an opponent may be put to shame, having nothing evil to say about us.9 Bondservants are to be submissive to their own masters in everything; they are to be well-pleasing, not argumentative, 10 not pilfering, but showing all good faith, so that in everything they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior. —Titus 2:1-10 (ESV)

v 1 – “sound doctrine” sound – hygiaínō, healthy, working properly it is a present participle – we don’t have a one -word equivalent, such as “healthy-ing” Teach what accords with health-giving doctrine.

All of the “doctrine” that follows has to do with behavior, not beliefs

Christian behavior is inseparable from Christian doctrine Christian knowledge is also inseparable from Christian doctrine, although the knowledge may be quite limited Some wish to embrace knowledge and disregard behavior Some with to embrace certain good works and dismiss beliefs With water – H2O – the hydrogen can be studied separately, and the oxygen can be studied separately, but it takes both to have water

What follows is not a new set of laws (“Define older men, as opposed to middle-aged men…”; Does this mean only the older men, so defined, are to beheld to these standards, unless they are repeated for other groups?”; “Exactly what behaviors are undignified?”; …) These are teachings for living that have particular application to the groups named, and in some cases very specific application, but which otherwise generally apply to everyone. Practical teachings.

v 2 – Older men Sober-minded, dignified, self-controlled This does not mean they are kill-joys, never smile, have no sense of humor, can’t play with their children/grandchildren, … These are aspects of Christian maturity, leadership, and exemplary living

“sound” – again… “healthy-ing”; healthily-living in…
Faith, love, endurance Am I living with an active, healthy faith? Am I living with an active, healthy love for God and others? Am I living with an active, healthy perseverance in the Gospel?

v 3 - Older women, likewise… likewise – in a corresponding way reverent – God-honoring And for them, this does not mean they are kill-joys, never smile, have no sense of humor, can’t play with their children/grandchildren, … But that honoring God is their life focus

Not slanderers or slaves to much wine… Slanderer – diábolos, an accuser, an attacker on another’s character; from which we get “devil” Slaves to much wine—a common, besetting sin for women who may have been home-bound with few options for activity

They [in this case, the older women] are to teach what is good Families in our age, regretfully, have often abdicated the role of Christian teaching And in our age-segregated churches, regretfully, there is often little opportunity for the older women, or men, to teach the younger people anything Our culture encourages this divide—with plenty of guilt to go around

Teaching the young women to be successful, godly women and wives To love their husbands Lit. to be phílandros (from phílos, loving friend, and anḗr, man or husband) the teaching is that they should be loving friends to their husbands—a timeless teaching This is a noun—the principal point—and what follows are adjectives that modify this noun

that love their children that are self-controlled that are pure that are house-keepers that are kind

Then follows (present participle)—"being subject to their own husbands” It is worth noting that elsewhere husbands are instructed to love their wives as Christ loves the Church The teaching is for establishing a godly home, the cornerstone of which is the relationship of the husband and wife In this way, the word of God is honored by all

Likewise, the younger men Be self-controlled—a teaching that applies to all the groups!

Show yourself [a personalized extension of “younger men] to Titus A young pastor In all respects—complete devotion Model of good works To be showing/demonstrating (pp) -- ongoing

In teaching integrity dignity “healthy-ing” speech, that cannot be condemned Teaching that so accords with godliness that opponents, who would seek to slander the Church, are put to shame

Bondservants… Doulos – slaves An accepted social institution in the Roman Empire and preceding it The NT instructions to this group were to honor God through their behavior, and to obtain their freedom if it were offered The institution of slavery is not defended (or taken up at all), but slaves were instructed as to how their conduct could be used to bring honor to God